One of the most regal-looking yet intimidating swords from history, the Falcata sword was wielded in the Iberian peninsula between the fifth and first centuries B.C. Read more about the Falcata in this post.
Born in the Iberian Peninsula during pre-roman times, the Falcata was used to great popularity between the fifth and first centuries B.C, dating it back over 2,500 years. Many specimens have been found, with the sword's main distinguishing feature being a half-double-edge -- meaning, the blade is double-edged for about half its length.
Use And Cause For Demise: Cutting In Close Combat
The Falcata was mostly used for cutting (as opposed to thrusting). Over time, the Romans (who claimed the region during the sword's popularity), began to value weapons that could be used in close-combat, requiring more thrusting. As the Falcata was not designed primarily for thrusting, but rather for cutting, over time it fell out of popularity in favour of other weapons more suited to the fighting style of the time.
Build: Curved With a Hook Handle
The blade of the Falcata is curved towards the point, meaning it can deliver a blow with great momentum (such as that of an axe) which still cutting well. Most discovered pieces have had a hook-shaped handle, and sometimes the handles are decorated with animals such as birds or horses.
The Falcata sword has been popularised in some more recent times, such as being featured in the games Diablo II and Assassin's Creed, as well as on the show Forged In Fire: